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Terms and Conditions This is the Android Software Development Kit License Agreement 1. Introduction 1.1 The Android Software Development Kit (referred to in the License Agreement as the 'SDK' and specifically including the Android system files, packaged APIs, and Google APIs add-ons) is licensed to you subject to the terms of the License Agreement.

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Visual Studio includes an Android SDK Manager that you useto download Android SDK tools, platforms, and other components that youneed for developing Xamarin.Android apps.

  • 이용약관 Android 소프트웨어 개발 키트 라이선스 계약 1. 소개 1.1 Android 소프트웨어 개발 키트(라이선스 계약에서는 'SDK'라고 하며 특히 Android 시스템 파일, 패키지 API, Google API 부가기능을 포함함)는 라이선스 계약의 약관에 따라 귀하에게 사용을 허가합니다.
  • Installing the Android SDK. In order to install the SDK we will use the Command Line Tools. Go to the Android Studio download page. I don’t know how to install it on this OS.
  • Android is an open, mobile-phone platform that is currently under development. The Android developers kit will allow you to develop Android applications that you can run, test, profile, and debug.
  • If you have ever wanted to download ADB and Fastboot without having to download the whole of Android Studio or SDK, Google has finally made those binaries available officially for Windows, Mac, and Linux. Thus you can now download the latest ADB and Fastboot files from Google Developer site. Before this new development, users had to download.

Overview

This guide explains how to use the Xamarin Android SDK Manager inVisual Studio and Visual Studio for Mac.

Note

This guide applies to Visual Studio 2019, Visual Studio 2017, and Visual Studio for Mac.

The Xamarin Android SDK Manager (installed as part of the Mobiledevelopment with .NET workload) helps you download the latest Androidcomponents that you need for developing your Xamarin.Android app. Itreplaces Google's standalone SDK Manager, which has been deprecated.

Requirements

To use the Xamarin Android SDK Manager, you will need the following:

  • Visual Studio 2019 Community, Professional, or Enterprise.

  • OR Visual Studio 2017 (Community, Professional, or Enterprise edition). VisualStudio 2017 version 15.7 or later is required.

  • Visual Studio Tools for Xamarin version 4.10.0 or later(installed as part of the Mobile development with .NET workload).

The Xamarin Android SDK Manager also requires the Java Development Kit(which is automatically installed with Xamarin.Android). There areseveral JDK alternatives to choose from:

  • By default, Xamarin.Android usesJDK 8,which is required if you are developing for API level 24 or greater(JDK 8 also supports API levels earlier than 24).

  • You can continue to use JDK 7if you are developing specifically for API level 23 or earlier.

  • If you are using Visual Studio 15.8 Preview 5 or later, you can tryusing Microsoft's Mobile OpenJDK Distributionrather than JDK 8.

SDK Manager

To start the SDK Manager in Visual Studio, click Tools > Android >Android SDK Manager:

The Android SDK Manager opens in the Android SDKs andTools screen. This screen has two tabs – Platforms andTools:

The Android SDKs and Tools screen is described in more detail inthe following sections.

Android SDK location

The Android SDK location is configured at the top of the Android SDKsand Tools screen, as seen in the previous screenshot. This location mustbe configured correctly before the Platforms and Tools tabswill function properly. You may need to set the location of the AndroidSDK for one or more of the following reasons:

  1. The Android SDK Manager was unable to locate the Android SDK.

  2. You have installed the Android SDK in a alternate (non-default) location.

To set the location of the Android SDK, click the ellipsis (…)button to the far right of Android SDK Location. This opens theBrowse For Folder dialog to use for navigating to the location ofthe Android SDK. In the following screenshot, the Android SDK underProgram Files (x86)Android is being selected:

When you click OK, the SDK Manager will manage the Android SDK thatis installed at the selected location.

Tools tab

The Tools tab displays a list of tools and extras. Use this tabto install the Android SDK tools, platform tools, and build tools.Also, you can install the Android Emulator, the low-level debugger(LLDB), the NDK, HAXM acceleration, and Google Play libraries.

For example, to download the Google Android Emulator package, click thecheck mark next to Android Emulator and click the Apply Changesbutton:

A dialog may be shown with the message, The following package requiresthat you accept its license terms before installing:

Click Accept if you accept the Terms and Conditions. At the bottomof the window, a progress bar indicates download and installationprogress. After the installation completes, the Tools tab will showthat the selected tools and extras were installed.

Platforms tab

The Platforms tab displays a list of platform SDK versions alongwith other resources (like system images) for each platform:

This screen lists the Android version (such as Android 8.0), thecode name (Oreo), the API level (such as 26), and the sizes ofthe components for that platform (such as 1 GB). You use thePlatforms tab to install components for the Android API level thatyou want to target. For more information about Android versions and APIlevels, seeUnderstanding Android API Levels.

When all components of a platform are installed, a checkmark appears nextto the platform name. If not all components of a platform areinstalled, the box for that platform is filled.You can expand a platform to see its components (and which componentsare installed) by clicking the + box to the left of the platform.Click - to unexpand the component listing for a platform.

To add another platform to the SDK, click the box next to the platformuntil the checkmark appears to install all of its components, thenclick Apply Changes:

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To install only specific components, click the box next to the platformonce. You can then select any individual components that you need:

Notice that the number of components to install appears next to theApply Changes button. After you click the Apply Changes button,you will see the License Acceptance screen as shown earlier.Click Accept if you accept the Terms and Conditions. You may seethis dialog more than one time when there are multiple components toinstall. At the bottom of the window, a progress bar will indicatedownload and installation progress. When the download and installationprocess completes (this can take many minutes, depending on how manycomponents need to be downloaded), the added components are marked witha checkmark and listed as Installed.

Repository selection

By default, the Android SDK Manager downloads platform components andtools from a Microsoft-managed repository. If you need access toexperimental alpha/beta platforms and tools that are not yet availablein the Microsoft repository, you can switch the SDK Manager to useGoogle's repository. To make this switch, click the gear icon in thelower right-hand corner and select Repository > Google(Unsupported):

When the Google repository is selected, additional packages may appearin the Platforms tab that were not available previously. (In theabove screenshot, Android SDK Platform 28 was added by switching tothe Google repository.) Keep in mind that use of the Google repositoryis unsupported and is therefore not recommended for everydaydevelopment.

To switch back to the supported repository of platforms and tools,click Microsoft (Recommended). This restores the list of packagesand tools to the default selection.

Requirements

To use the Xamarin Android SDK Manager, you will need the following:

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  • Visual Studio for Mac 7.5 (or later).

The Xamarin Android SDK Manager also requires the Java Development Kit(which is automatically installed with Xamarin.Android). There areseveral JDK alternatives to choose from:

  • By default, Xamarin.Android usesJDK 8,which is required if you are developing for API level 24 or greater(JDK 8 also supports API levels earlier than 24).

  • You can continue to use JDK 7if you are developing specifically for API level 23 or earlier.

  • If you are using Visual Studio for Mac 7.7 or later, you can tryusing Microsoft's Mobile OpenJDK Distributionrather than JDK 8.

Important

Xamarin.Android does not support JDK 9.

SDK Manager

To start the SDK Manager in Visual Studio for Mac, click Tools > SDK Manager:

The Android SDK Manager opens in the Preferences window, whichcontains three tabs, Platforms, Tools, and Locations:

The tabs of the Android SDK Manager are described in thefollowing sections.

Locations tab

The Locations tab has three settings for configuring the locationsof the Android SDK, Android NDK, and the Java SDK (JDK). Theselocations must be configured correctly before the Platforms andTools tabs will function properly.

When the SDK Manager starts, it automatically determines the path foreach installed package and indicates that it was Found by placing agreen checkmark icon next to the path:

Click the Reset to Defaults button to cause the SDK Manager to lookfor the SDK, NDK, and JDK at their default locations.

Typically, you use the Locations tab to modify the location of theAndroid SDK and/or the Java JDK. You do not need to install the NDK todevelop Xamarin.Android apps – the NDK is used only when you needto develop parts of your app using native-code languages such as C andC++.

Tools tab

The Tools tab displays a list of tools and extras. Use this tabto install the Android SDK tools, platform tools, and build tools.Also, you can install the Android Emulator, the low-level debugger(LLDB), the NDK, HAXM acceleration, and Google Play libraries.

For example, to download the Google Android Emulator package, click thecheck mark next to Android Emulator and click the Apply Changesbutton:

A dialog may be shown with the message, The following package requiresthat you accept its license terms before installing:

Click Accept if you accept the Terms and Conditions. At the bottomof the window, a progress bar indicates download and installationprogress. After the installation completes, the Tools tab will showthat the selected tools and extras were installed.

Platforms tab

The Platforms tab displays a list of platform SDK versions alongwith other resources (like system images) for each platform:

This screen lists the Android version (such as Android 8.1), thecode name (Oreo), the API level (such as 27), and the sizes ofthe components for that platform (such as 1 GB). You use thePlatforms tab to install components for the Android API level thatyou want to target. For more information about Android versions and APIlevels, see Understanding Android API Levels.

When all components of a platform are installed, a checkmark appears nextto the platform name. If not all components of a platform areinstalled, the box for that platform is filled.You can expand a platform to see its components (and which componentsare installed) by clicking the arrow to the left of the platform.Click down arrow to unexpand the component listing for a platform.

To add another platform to the SDK, click the box next to the platformuntil the checkmark appears to install all of its components, thenclick Apply Changes:

To install only some components, click the box next to the platformonce. You can then select any individual components that you need:

Notice that the number of components to install appears next to theApply Changes button. After you click the Apply Changes button,you will see the License Acceptance screen as shown earlier.Click Accept if you accept the Terms and Conditions. You may seethis dialog more than one time when there are multiple components toinstall. At the bottom of the window, a progress bar will indicatedownload and installation progress. When the download and installationprocess completes (this can take many minutes, depending on how manycomponents need to be downloaded), the added components are marked witha checkmark and listed as Installed.

Repository selection

By default, the Android SDK Manager downloads platform components andtools from a Microsoft-managed repository. If you need access toexperimental alpha/beta platforms and tools that are not yet availablein the Microsoft repository, you can switch the SDK Manager to useGoogle's repository. To make this switch, click the gear icon in thelower right-hand corner and select Repository > Google(Unsupported):

When the Google repository is selected, additional packages may appearin the Platforms tab that were not available previously. (In theabove screenshot, Android SDK Platform 28 was added by switching tothe Google repository.) Keep in mind that use of the Google repository isunsupported and is therefore not recommended for everyday development.

To switch back to the supported repository of platforms and tools,click Microsoft (Recommended). This restores the list of packagesand tools to the default selection.

Summary

This guide explained how to install and use the Xamarin Android SDKManager tool in Visual Studio and Visual Studio for Mac.

Related Links

The purpose of this section is to guide you to install in your development environment all the dependencies for Android development.

The fastest way is to download and install Android Studio.

Latest current version for Android Studio is available at: https://developer.android.com/studio/index.html

Select the Installer Icon:

To install Android Studio on your Mac, proceed as follows:

  1. Launch the Android Studio DMG file.
  2. Drag and drop Android Studio into the Applications folder, then launch Android Studio.
  3. Select whether you want to import previous Android Studio settings, then click OK.
  4. The Android Studio Setup Wizard guides you though the rest of the setup, which includes downloading Android SDK components that are required for development.


Click the Next button.

Select a Standard installation and click Next.

On the Verify Settings window, click Finish.

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Once installed, you get the Welcome to Android Studio window :

Click on the Configure Button and select SDK Manager:

In the left pane select Android SDK. On the right pane, select the SDK Platforms Tab and select the SDKs for API level 22 up to 24.

Click the OK button to download and install these Android SDKs.

After accepting the licence you should see the following screen:

Wait until all components are installed.

Setup the ANDROID_HOME system variable

Open the SDK Manager and make a copy of the Android SDK Location :

Open the Terminal app and type the following command:

To check the ANDROID_HOME is correctly setup type the following commands:

You should see the following result:

Persist the ANDROID_HOME system variable for the current user

The ANDROID_HOME system variable must be persisted when you leave and resstart a new Terminal Window.

One way to do this is to create or update a .profile file in the user's home directory. This file should contain all the commands that should be executed before the Terminal Window session starts.

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Open the Terminal app and type the following commands:

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In the Text Editor, add the following line

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You should have a screen similar to the following screenshot:

To save the .profile file, type CTRL + X, then type Y followed by the ENTER key.

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Once done, quit the Terminal window, reopen a new one and type the following command to check if the system variable has been persisted:

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You should have a non empty response.

References